Definition of ophiolite in English:

ophiolite

Line breaks: ophio|lite
Pronunciation: /ˈɒfɪəlʌɪt
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Geology
  • An igneous rock consisting largely of serpentine, believed to have been formed from the submarine eruption of oceanic crustal and upper mantle material.
    More example sentences
    • These felsic rocks are contemporaneous with or only slightly younger than rocks from the Guevgueli ophiolite.
    • The Indus Suture Zone, also locally called the Sumdo Formation, contains the well-preserved Nidar ophiolite and the Zildat Ophiolitic Melange.
    • If this model does survive those tests, it has important implications for the tectonic environment in which the Troodos ophiolite formed.

Derivatives

ophiolitic

adjective
More example sentences
  • We agree with Leong that a complex basement composed of both ophiolitic and granitic crust underlies much of Sabah.
  • The southsouthwestern boundary of the Indus Basin sediments is the shear zone of the Indus suture, with an ophiolitic melange exposed near Chilling.
  • In addition, the Central Pontides include Late Mesozoic ophiolitic rocks and ‘Neotethyan’ melange.

Origin

mid 19th century: from Greek ophis 'snake' + -lite.

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