Definition of Opium Wars in English:

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Opium Wars

Two wars in which China was involved, regarding the question of commercial rights.

The first war, between Britain and China (1839–42), followed China’s attempt to prohibit the illegal importation of opium from British India into China. The second, involving Britain and France against China (1856–60), followed Chinese restrictions on foreign trade. Defeat of the Chinese resulted in the ceding of Hong Kong to Britain and the opening of five ‘treaty ports’ to traders

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