Definition of orthography in English:

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Pronunciation: /ɔːˈθɒɡrəfi/

noun (plural orthographies)

1The conventional spelling system of a language: a spoken language which has as yet no sanctioned orthography
More example sentences
  • In the case of Cquila there is a distinct suggestion of the orthographies of Southern Bantu languages like Zulu.
  • At least in some orthographies, semantics play a larger role in single-word naming than previously thought.
  • Those orthographies made it possible to write Chinese phonetically and to write spoken Japanese terms that had no equivalent Chinese characters.
1.1 [mass noun] The study of spelling and how letters combine to represent sounds and form words.
Example sentences
  • This does not deny the importance of work by linguists on problems of orthography.
  • All the foils were unrelated in meaning, sound, and orthography to the study sets.
  • But those attitudes belong to the past, along with grammar drills and orthography.
2 another term for orthographic projection.



sense 1.
Example sentences
  • Professional social scientists will regret that it has no tables and orthographers will wonder why Princeton's usually diligent proofreaders did not correct such solecisms as ‘multifaceted,’ and ‘Pentacostal.’


Pronunciation: /ɔːθəˈɡrafɪk/
Example sentences
  • These results suggest that the acquisition of phonological skills is a necessary step in building the orthographic lexicon.
  • Just as a name must conform to the phonological system of the language, so the way it is written must conform to the orthographic conventions of the language.
  • Thus, orthographic differences now disguise what is a similar pronunciation and make the languages look more different in their written form than they are when spoken.


Pronunciation: /ɔːθəˈɡrafɪk(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • Letters display the kind of orthographical and punctuational errors that one is supposed to have left behind by the tenth grade.
  • Personal names are part of any language and obey most of its general rules, whether phonological, morphological, syntactic, orthographical or semantic.
  • With him scientific scholarship really began, and his work covered the wide range of grammatical, etymological, orthographical, literary, and textual criticism.


Pronunciation: /ɔːθəˈɡrafɪk(ə)li/
Example sentences
  • Overall, evidence from Hebrew shows indeed that these ambiguous letters are orthographically represented last and the weakest.
  • Inevitably, these sites are being called photologs (or, more commonly, the more orthographically challenged fotologs).
  • By ANALOGY, an intrusive r occurs where it is not etymologically or orthographically justified: sofa rhymes with gopher, but in The sofa/r is lost an r sound often intrudes.


Late Middle English: via Old French and Latin from Greek orthographia, from orthos 'correct' + -graphia 'writing'.

Words that rhyme with orthography

autobiography, bibliography, biography, cardiography, cartography, chirography, choreography, chromatography, cinematography, cosmography, cryptography, demography, discography, filmography, geography, hagiography, historiography, hydrography, iconography, lexicography, lithography, oceanography, palaeography (US paleography), photography, radiography, reprography, stenography, topography, typography

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: or|thog¦raphy

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