Definition of paralysis in English:
noun (plural paralyses /-siːz/)[mass noun]
- Traditional stroke symptoms were defined as loss of balance and paralysis of at least one part of the body.
- The effect of facial paralysis with loss of muscle and skin tone in the elderly patient leads to laxity or ectropion of the lower lid.
- Specialist equipment such as splints, callipers and braces can help with paralysis and contractures.
- Downing Street, if not quite yet gripped by paralysis, is at least on edge waiting for malevolent treachery to strike again.
- Finally he yanked himself out of the paralysis that gripped him and pulled the blinds tightly shut.
- I can only suggest that the paralysis that has gripped this country in recent years is causing us huge angst.
This is a Latin word, formed from Greek paraluesthai ‘be disabled at the side’, formed from para ‘beside’ and luein ‘loosen’. Paralytic is late Middle English, and comes via French from the same source. The sense ‘extremely drunk’ dates from the late 19th century. Palsy (Middle English) is from Old French paralisie, which was an alteration of Latin paralysis. The Greek luein is also found in analysis (late 16th century) literally a ‘loosening up’.
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