Definition of patella in English:

patella

Line breaks: pa|tella
Pronunciation: /pəˈtɛlə
 
/

noun (plural patellae /-liː/)

Anatomy
The kneecap.
More example sentences
  • The patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body and provides increased mechanical advantage for knee extension.
  • The joint is held in place by ligaments and covered at the front by the patella (kneecap).
  • Tendons - these are tough bands that join the muscles of the upper and lower leg, and also hold the patella (knee cap) in place.

Origin

late 16th century: from Latin, diminutive of patina 'shallow dish', from Greek patanē (see paten).

Derivatives

patellar

adjective
More example sentences
  • Physical examination revealed pale skin and mucous membranes, as well as bilaterally decreased patellar and Achilles tendon reflexes.
  • The capsule also is reinforced in front by the patellar and quadriceps tendons and posteriorly by the popliteus and gastrocnemius muscles.
  • The combined tendon of quadriceps attaches to the superior and medial borders of the patella, and in part in front and beyond the patella to join the patellar ligament.

patellate

adjective
More example sentences
  • Thus, calice size may have been a factor (as discussed below), along with having a larger area for distribution of weight, which may account for the abundance of trochoid and patellate shapes in H. halli living on and in soft mud.

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