Definition of pathology in English:

pathology

Line breaks: path|ology
Pronunciation: /pəˈθɒlədʒi
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
1The science of the causes and effects of diseases, especially the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes: research people skilled in experimental pathology
More example sentences
  • Formaldehyde is used widely as a tissue preservative in pathology laboratories and embalming services.
  • Experts in anaesthesiology, pathology, gynaecology and radiology are particularly in demand.
  • The provision of perinatal and paediatric pathology services is a sign of an enlightened society.
1.1 Medicine Pathological features considered collectively; the typical behaviour of a disease: the pathology of Huntington’s disease
More example sentences
  • Although reduction of mtDNA is a critical factor in type 2 diabetes pathology, the question remains as to the nature of the original insult.
  • If the only evaluation is a semen analysis, underlying pathology can be missed.
  • Semiquantitative analysis of lung pathology confirmed these changes.
1.2 Medicine A pathological condition: the dominant pathology is multiple sclerosis
More example sentences
  • Underlying rotator cuff pathologies should be treated before injection.
  • This section reviews the emerging knowledge on the role of DCs in several major lung pathologies.
  • Many pathologies were recorded from the remains, such as evidence of poor nutrition, poor dental hygiene and a life of physical, repetitive work.
1.3 [usually with modifier] Mental, social, or linguistic abnormality or malfunction: the city’s inability to cope with the pathology of a burgeoning underclass
More example sentences
  • At the time, many cities seemed consumed with social pathologies like illegitimacy, crime, and drug addiction.
  • And I think it has led to a lot of the social pathologies that we see in the United States almost 30 years later.
  • I do think that mental pathologies can be written, and I think that prose fiction is a particularly good way of doing it.

Origin

early 17th century: from modern or medieval Latin pathologia (see patho-, -logy).

Derivatives

pathologist

noun
More example sentences
  • Last year, four British and Irish pathologists told the tribunal that a road accident was the most likely cause of his death.
  • He was active in his professional field, organising regular conferences and workshops of pathologists.
  • When we come back, one of the world's most experienced forensic pathologists will join us.

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