Definition of pentane in English:

pentane

Line breaks: pent|ane
Pronunciation: /ˈpɛnteɪn
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A volatile liquid hydrocarbon of the alkane series, present in petroleum spirit.
  • Chemical formula: C5H12; three isomers, especially the straight-chain isomer (n-pentane)
More example sentences
  • Like pentane, paraffins are alkanes - hydrocarbon molecules that have as many hydrogen atoms as the molecule's carbon backbone can accommodate.
  • Acetone-free polish removers contain safer fruit-derived solvents like ethyl acetate and methyl pentane.
  • Extra chemical agents are usually added to the solution: detergents such as octyl thioglucoside, octyl glucoside, octyl glucopyranoside, organic solvents such as pentane, hexane, or other chemicals such as glucose or glycerol.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek pente 'five' (denoting five carbon atoms) + a shortened form of alkane.

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