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performative

Line breaks: per¦forma|tive
Pronunciation: /pəˈfɔːmətɪv
 
/
Linguistics & Philosophy

Definition of performative in English:

adjective

Relating to or denoting an utterance by means of which the speaker performs a particular act (e.g. I bet, I apologize, I promise). Often contrasted with constative.
Example sentences
  • Rather, these are performative utterances, which do not so much say something as do something.
  • He thinks performative sentences do not have truth conditions because they do not describe or report anything.
  • But if literary language is performative and if a performative utterance is not true or false but felicitous or infelicitous, what does it mean for a literary utterance to be felicitous or infelicitous?

noun

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A performative utterance: here statements are not descriptive utterances but performatives
More example sentences
  • Performative utterances, or performatives, are not true or false and actually perform the action to which they refer.
  • Such speech acts, called performatives, cannot be said to be true or false.
  • Illocutionary acts, in addition to covering such explicit performatives as promising, also include statements.

Definition of performative in:

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