Definition of pessimism in English:

pessimism

Line breaks: pes¦sim|ism
Pronunciation: /ˈpɛsɪmɪz(ə)m
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
1A tendency to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen: the dispute cast an air of deep pessimism over the future of the peace talks
More example sentences
  • The birth rate is the lowest in Europe, reflecting deep pessimism about the future and the astonishingly high cost of housing.
  • There's no cause for pessimism, we should believe in ourselves and use that self-belief to choose now and irrevocably the path of reform.
  • Despite my pessimism I still believe that the situation can be resolved.
Synonyms
defeatism, negative thinking, negativity, expecting the worst, doom and gloom, gloom, gloominess; hopelessness, lack of hope, cynicism, fatalism, depression, despair, melancholy, despondency, dejection, angst, distrust, doubt; GermanWeltschmerz
2 Philosophy A belief that this world is as bad as it could be or that evil will ultimately prevail over good.
More example sentences
  • Kant's pessimism was based on his conception of the nature of living organisms.
  • If pessimism has a spiritual godfather it is perhaps the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer.
  • Schopenhauer was the high priest of philosophical pessimism.

Origin

late 18th century: from Latin pessimus 'worst', on the pattern of optimism.

Derivatives

pessimist

noun
More example sentences
  • An effective leader confronts business and life with enthusiasm, isn't a pessimist or a complainer.
  • For the pessimists, it has been a year of unbridled gloom, with fears it is going to get a lot worse before it gets better, while the optimists are left grasping for morsels of comfort.
  • Shocking as the Kunstkammer exhibition may be, pessimists argue that drinking has always been part of Russian culture and always will be.
Synonyms
defeatist, fatalist, alarmist, prophet of doom, cynic, doomsayer, doomster, gloom-monger, doom-monger, doomwatcher, Cassandra; sceptic, doubter, doubting Thomas; misery, killjoy, worrier, Job's comforter
informal doom and gloom merchant, wet blanket
North American informal gloomy Gus

Definition of pessimism in:

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