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phagocyte

Line breaks: phago|cyte
Pronunciation: /ˈfaɡə(ʊ)sʌɪt
 
/

Definition of phagocyte in English:

noun

Physiology
A type of cell within the body capable of engulfing and absorbing bacteria and other small cells and particles.
Example sentences
  • Histologic studies have shown polymetric birefringent particles surrounded by mononuclear phagocytes and multinucleated foreign body giant cells.
  • Fc receptors mediate various effects on immune cells, including proliferation of B cells and phagocytosis by phagocytes.
  • Following IVIG therapy in patients with ITP, platelet counts generally rise, apparently by Fc receptor blockade of splenic phagocytes and other reticuloendothelial cells.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek phago- 'eating' (from the verb phagein) + -cyte.

Derivatives

phagocytic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈsɪtɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Neutrophils and monocytes are the most phagocytic of the white blood cells; they ingest foreign particles, bacteria, and degenerating cells and cell fragments whether or not they can digest them.
  • Products of complement activation cause smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability and induce degranulation of phagocytic cells, mast cells, and basophils.
  • Finally, we determined whether PPAR [gamma] activation increased CD36 expression by human AMs, and consequently augmented their phagocytic capacity for apoptotic neutrophils.

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