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pharmacology

Line breaks: pharma|col¦ogy
Pronunciation: /ˌfɑːməˈkɒlədʒi
 
/

Definition of pharmacology in English:

noun

[mass noun]
The branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs.
Example sentences
  • The main thrust of the book is to describe the toxicology and pharmacology of herbal products.
  • The harm to benefit ratio varies according to the condition being treated, the drug's pharmacology, and the availability and safety of other therapeutic options.
  • Most ADRs were predictable from the known pharmacology of the drugs and many represented known interactions and are therefore likely to be preventable.

Origin

early 18th century: from modern Latin pharmacologia, from Greek pharmakon 'drug'.

Derivatives

pharmacologic

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • When the morphine alkaloid was identified as the active ingredient in opium, pharmacologic production of opiates became possible.
  • Combining a cytochrome P450 inhibitor with a substrate can potentiate the pharmacologic effects of the substrate.
  • With minor differences, atorvastatin exhibits similar pharmacologic characteristics as other statins.

pharmacological

2
Pronunciation: /-kəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Codeine possesses the same pharmacological actions as morphine, but is less potent.
  • Bupropion is the first new pharmacological treatment for smokers to be introduced since nicotine replacement therapy 20 years ago.
  • The most common pharmacological agent that leads to decompensation are NSAIDs.

pharmacologically

3
Pronunciation: /-kəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/
adverb
Example sentences
  • Beta blockers may be more benign pharmacologically than anabolic steroids, but the message is the same.
  • The tricyclic antidepressant drugs include imipramine and its pharmacologically active metabolite desipramine; amitriptyline and its metabolite nortriptyline; and doxepin and its metabolite nordoxepin.
  • Panic is also a common disorder in patients with emphysema and may be managed pharmacologically with short-acting benzodiazepines.

pharmacologist

4
noun
Example sentences
  • Chemists and pharmacologists can alter a drug to decrease its entry into the central nervous system and avoid sleepiness as with the newer antihistamines.
  • Collaborations between marine chemists, molecular pharmacologists, and cell biologists have yielded an impressive library of potentially useful cancer, viral, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, cardiovascular, and CNS drugs.
  • The authors are clinical pharmacologists with long experience of caring for patients with, and collating information on, adverse drug reactions.

Definition of pharmacology in:

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Pronunciation: snɑːf
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