noun[mass noun] Philosophy
1The science of phenomena as distinct from that of the nature of being.
- In origin, as described by philosopher Edmund Husserl, phenomenology is the intuitive appreciation of phenomena as they are immediately perceived, without reference to scientific theory or prior learning.
- Husserl's phenomenology is Derrida's most immediate philosophical heritage.
- He appears to be uncomfortably situated in the difference between Husserl and Heidegger's phenomenology, which heralded ‘the return to the things themselves’.
1.1An approach that concentrates on the study of consciousness and the objects of direct experience.
- A phenomenology of consciousness, then, explores neither the metaphysical composition nor the causal genesis of things, but the ‘constitution’ of their meaning.
- Extensive studies of LSD phenomenology were performed in clinical and experimental psychiatric and psychological research.
- The doctrine that there are mental presentations which necessarily refer to external things is not only bad natural science; it is also bad phenomenology and conceptual confusion.
- Example sentences
- His philosophy teachers included Erich Rothacker, Oskar Becker (a phenomenologist influenced both by Husserl and Heidegger), and the neo-Hegelian Theodor Litt.
- Martin Heidegger, a German philosopher, has been variously classified as a phenomenologist, an existentialist, and a mystic.
- For a phenomenologist such as Husserl, exploring the relationship between, on the one hand, the ‘transcendental’ ego, subject, or consciousness and, on the other, its objects, the human being is clearly central.
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