Definition of phonology in English:

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Pronunciation: /fəˈnɒlədʒi/


[mass noun]
1The system of contrastive relationships among the speech sounds that constitute the fundamental components of a language.
Example sentences
  • Pidgins and Creoles do not have a single phonology and phonology remains the least stable system in otherwise stabilized pidgins.
  • While this research demonstrates that phonological previews aid in the processing of the target word, evidence from individual difference studies suggests that phonology is not used in the same manner by all readers.
  • While these languages shared phonology and grammar, they had entirely different vocabularies.
1.1The study of phonological relationships within a language or between different languages.
Example sentences
  • Semantics is not even in second place; what comes next in respect to time devoted to it in linguistic curricula is phonology (the study of speech sounds).
  • Panini was a Sanskrit grammarian who gave a comprehensive and scientific theory of phonetics, phonology, and morphology.
  • Dan is now a distinguished specialist on Amazonian languages and professor of phonetics and phonology at the fine Department of Linguistics at the University of Manchester in England.



Pronunciation: /fəʊnəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/
Pronunciation: /fɒnəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • The linguistic units comprise phonological units, semantic units, and symbolic units.
  • This difficulty has been linked to weaknesses in phonological skills, particularly phonemic awareness.
  • The aim of the second study was to test the importance of phonological impairment in morphological awareness.


Pronunciation: /fəʊnəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/
Pronunciation: /fɒnəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/
Example sentences
  • The difficulty of this contrast is that the phonemes included were phonologically similar, though contrastive.
  • Strictly speaking, not even the vowels are phonologically autonomous in most accents of English.
  • Third, erroneous responses on expressive naming tasks by both good and poor readers are often phonologically similar to the target item.


Pronunciation: /fəˈnɒlədʒɪst/
Example sentences
  • I'm also oversimplifying, but that's okay, because I'm not a phonologist or a phonetician.
  • Though more study is needed… I'm a big fan of the scientific method, but this reminds me of a spoof term paper I once wrote, many years ago, after having read one too many phonetics articles debunking the perceptions of phonologists.
  • I don't know any working phonologists today who think that morphologically-conditioned (or otherwise ‘irregular’) sound patterns are ipso facto distinct in every way from perfectly transparent ones.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: phon|ology

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