Share this entry

Share this page

phosphorylate

Line breaks: phos|phor¦yl|ate
Pronunciation: /fɒsˈfɒrɪleɪt
 
/

Definition of phosphorylate in English:

verb

[with object] chiefly Biochemistry
Introduce a phosphate group into (a molecule or compound): glucose is normally phosphorylated as soon as it enters the cell
More example sentences
  • This flavoprotein is a serine-threonine protein kinase able to phosphorylate its serine and threonine residues.
  • Following sucrose cleavage by invertase, the liberated glucose and fructose are phosphorylated before undergoing further metabolism.
  • These kinases have various substrates and have been shown to phosphorylate such diverse proteins as transcription factors, metabolic enzymes, ion pumps and cytoskeletal components.

Derivatives

phosphorylation

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
Example sentences
  • Cytochrome oxidases are the terminal enzymes of aerobic electron transport phosphorylation.
  • In animal cells serine, threonine and tyrosine are the amino acids subject to phosphorylation.
  • As expected, casein phosphorylation occurred on serine and threonine residues.

Definition of phosphorylate in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day terpsichorean
Pronunciation: ˌtəːpsɪkəˈriːən
adjective
relating to dancing