Definition of phosphorylate in English:

phosphorylate

Line breaks: phos|phor¦yl|ate
Pronunciation: /fɒsˈfɒrɪleɪt
 
/

verb

[with object] chiefly Biochemistry
  • Introduce a phosphate group into (a molecule or compound): glucose is normally phosphorylated as soon as it enters the cell
    More example sentences
    • This flavoprotein is a serine-threonine protein kinase able to phosphorylate its serine and threonine residues.
    • Following sucrose cleavage by invertase, the liberated glucose and fructose are phosphorylated before undergoing further metabolism.
    • These kinases have various substrates and have been shown to phosphorylate such diverse proteins as transcription factors, metabolic enzymes, ion pumps and cytoskeletal components.

Derivatives

phosphorylation

Pronunciation: /-ˈleɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
More example sentences
  • Cytochrome oxidases are the terminal enzymes of aerobic electron transport phosphorylation.
  • In animal cells serine, threonine and tyrosine are the amino acids subject to phosphorylation.
  • As expected, casein phosphorylation occurred on serine and threonine residues.

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