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pilocarpine

Line breaks: pilo|car¦pine
Pronunciation: /ˌpʌɪlə(ʊ)ˈkɑːpiːn
 
/

Definition of pilocarpine in English:

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A volatile alkaloid obtained from jaborandi leaves, used to contract the pupils and to relieve pressure in the eye in glaucoma patients.
Example sentences
  • The plant's leaves contain pilocarpine, a rare alkaloid used in the treatment of glaucoma and when diagnosing cystic fibrosis.
  • Parasympathomimetic drugs such as pilocarpine constrict the pupil and ‘pull’ on the trabecular meshwork, increasing the flow of aqueous out of the eye.
  • Oral pilocarpine is contraindicated in patients with uncontrolled asthma and in patients in whom miosis is undesirable, such as patients with acute iritis or narrow angle (angle closure) glaucoma.

Origin

late 19th century: from modern Latin Pilocarpus (genus name of the jaborandi) + -ine4.

Definition of pilocarpine in:

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