1Relating to or denoting the last epoch of the Tertiary period, between the Miocene and Pleistocene epochs.
- The sediments recovered are of Early Pleistocene to Late Pliocene age.
- These species are widely distributed in Upper Miocene and Pliocene deposits in tropical America, forming a morphologically distinctive group.
- Miocene to middle Pliocene species are widely distributed in Europe, Africa, Australia, North and South America.
Mid 19th century: from Greek pleiōn 'more' + kainos 'new'.
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