Definition of pneuma in English:


Line breaks: pneuma
Pronunciation: /ˈnjuːmə


  • (In Stoic thought) the vital spirit, soul, or creative force of a person.
    More example sentences
    • In Stoic philosophy, the pneuma penetrates all things, holding things together.
    • Indeed, most cultures have believed in the existence of a vital force: the Chinese call it chi; the Hindus know it as prana; the ancient Greeks used to call it pneuma or psyche, while the Romans talked about three kinds of spirits.
    • Ruah, in Hebrew, and pneuma, in Greek, are often translated ‘spirit’ but both literally mean ‘breath.’


Greek, literally 'that which is breathed or blown'.

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Pronunciation: ˌastrə(ʊ)ˈgeɪʃ(ə)n
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space