Definition of prefecture in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈpriːfɛktjʊə/


1(In certain countries) a district under the authority of a prefect or governor.
Example sentences
  • These might look ordinary trees, but they are in fact a very special present from the governor of the Nara prefecture in Japan.
  • In 1905 the islands were ‘incorporated’ into the Japanese Empire, when the Governor of Shimane prefecture stated that the islands were under the juristiction of the Shimane prefectural government.
  • There are forty-three ordinary prefectures, three metropolitan prefectures with special administrative powers, and one administrative region for the northernmost island.
1.1A prefect’s office or tenure.
Example sentences
  • To avoid the name calling that a woman would probably receive at a horse fair, he got permission from the prefecture of police to dress in men's clothing.
  • The prefecture will stop using workshops for industrial production, and settlers in the General Building of the General Zhang Aiping will be relocated.
1.2The official residence or headquarters of a prefect: enraged fans besieged the Prefecture of Police
More example sentences
  • But even so France was left with a vast surplus of grand edifices, mainly ecclesiastical, that were empty and could be converted into the prefectures, town halls, museums, and barracks required by the new regime.



Pronunciation: /prɪˈfɛktʃ(ʊ)ər(ə)l/
Example sentences
  • I can negotiate at provincial and prefectural level, and bring these levels into dialogue with one another.
  • The idea seems to be catching on: the new prefectural subway system, Oedo-sen, began wrapping their cars with ads last September.
  • In 1995, the State Council offered two pension scheme designs for the municipal and prefectural governments to choose from.


Late Middle English: from Latin praefectura, from praefectus '(person) set in authority over' (see prefect).

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