Definition of puritan in English:

puritan

Line breaks: pur|itan
Pronunciation: /ˈpjʊərɪt(ə)n
 
/

noun

1 (Puritan) A member of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church under Elizabeth I as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship.
More example sentences
  • From its inception there had been a committed Protestant minority who aspired to complete a full Protestant reformation - the Puritans.
  • Excessive frivolity has always been frowned upon by some, and Christmas was not celebrated by the Puritans or Calvinists.
  • Unlike the English Puritans, the Dutch Reformed ministers made no efforts to evangelise the native peoples of the area.
1.1A person with censorious moral beliefs, especially about self-indulgence and sex: my mother was a puritan about sex don’t be such a puritan
More example sentences
  • These are precisely the values the puritans and zealots of many faiths and ideologies would destroy.
  • A few centuries ago it may not have seemed out of place, but even modern-day American puritans have been shocked by Florida's so-called ‘Scarlet Letter’ law.
  • Teetotalers, or people who drink in moderation, on the other hand are boring, no fun, puritans, kill-joys etc.
Synonyms
moralist, pietist, prude, prig, moral zealot/fanatic, killjoy, Mrs Grundy, Grundy, old maid, schoolmarm, Victorian, priggish person, ascetic
informal goody-goody, Goody Two-Shoes, holy Joe, holy Willie, Miss Prim
North American informal bluenose

adjective

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1 (usually Puritan) Relating to the Puritans: a Puritan parliamentarian he was of Puritan stock
More example sentences
  • The religious experiments of Archbishop Laud reactivated Puritan militancy.
  • She sets this change within the context of a wider intellectual shift from Puritan piety to the Enlightenment's faith in progress and the inherent goodness of man.
  • The religious intensity of Puritan settlers infused every facet of life in seventeenth-century New England, including criminality.
1.1Having or displaying censorious moral beliefs, especially about self-indulgence and sex: as the puritan ethic has weakened, hedonism has replaced it a puritan conscience
More example sentences
  • Bangalore seemed to suit him better, with its catholicity of social life and its absence of puritan guardians of moral behaviour.
  • Feng Yuxiang's forces were subjected with severity to their commander's puritan morals: no drinking, gambling, swearing, or resort to prostitutes was permitted.
  • Suffused with puritan guilt, his self interest had its limits.

Origin

late 16th century: from late Latin puritas 'purity' + -an.

Derivatives

puritanism

noun
More example sentences
  • There is a difference between prudence and puritanism.
  • The new design reveals a conscious effort to soften the austerity and puritanism of Modernism by incorporating traditional architectural features.
  • Some people would tell the story of your earlier life as an escape from the austerity and puritanism and greyness and lack of colour of Britain at that time, certainly in the 1950s.

Definition of puritan in:

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