noun[mass noun] Chemistry
Identification of the constituents, e.g. elements or functional groups, present in a substance.
- One of the primary methods of qualitative analysis involves precipitation reactions.
- A qualitative analysis identifies the components of a substance or mixture; quantitative analysis measures the amounts or proportions of the components in a reaction or substance.
- In the chemical industry, coordination compounds are used in qualitative analysis to separate metal ions, and to identify unknown ions in solution.
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