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radius vector

Line breaks: ra¦dius vec¦tor

Definition of radius vector in English:

noun

Mathematics
1A line of variable length drawn from a fixed origin to a curve.
Example sentences
  • When Archimedes defines a spiral, he gives fundamental properties connecting the length of the radius vector with the angles through which it has revolved.
  • In fact, from the point P which is at distance d from the origin measured along a radius vector, the distance from P to the pole is d sec b.
  • Three days later he wrote to Le Verrier asking the same question about the radius vector as he had asked Adams.
1.1 Astronomy A line of variable length joining a satellite or other celestial object to its primary.
Example sentences
  • In the second law, Kepler used the idea of radius vector, and stated that the radius vector from the sun to a planet sweeps out equal areas in equal intervals of time.
  • The radius vector is shortest when the planet is at perihelion and longest at aphelion.
  • The radius vector from the sun to a planet sweeps over equal areas in equal times.

Definition of radius vector in:

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