There are 2 definitions of rest in English:

rest1

Line breaks: rest
Pronunciation: /rɛst
 
/

verb

[no object]
1Cease work or movement in order to relax, sleep, or recover strength: he needed to rest after the feverish activity I’m going to rest up before travelling to England
More example sentences
  • You should return to dry land rested, relaxed and restored.
  • He agreed to stay at the castle to be waited upon hand and foot and to rest up for their return to the Tower.
  • The purpose of the holiday at the end of the year is to rest up and chill out after a busy competitive season.
Synonyms
relax, take a rest, ease up/off, let up, slow down, pause, have/take a break, unbend, repose, laze, idle, loaf, do nothing, take time off, slack off, unwind, recharge one's batteries, be at leisure, take it easy, sit back, sit down, stand down, lounge, luxuriate, loll, slump, flop, put one's feet up, lie down, go to bed, have/take a nap, nap, catnap, doze, have/take a siesta, drowse, sleep
informal de-stress, take five, have/take a breather, veg out, snooze, snatch forty winks, get some shut-eye
British informal kip, have a kip, get some kip
North American informal chill out, kick back, catch some Zs
literary slumber
1.1 [with object] Allow to be inactive in order to regain strength or health: her friend read to her while she rested her eyes
More example sentences
  • He rested his eyes then, thinking about everything he had just found out and how it would affect his future.
  • He then went home, had dinner and rested his legs after an exhausting walk to church.
  • We walked for a few minutes while he rested his legs and gave his arches a little break.
1.2 (be resting) British Used euphemistically by actors to indicate that they are out of work: she was an actress but doing domestic work while she was resting
More example sentences
  • His novel features a day in the life of a ‘resting’ actor.
  • Coincidentally, I'm also an actor, resting between jobs.
  • It is essential to realise that, on average, actors spend about 80% of their working life 'resting'.
1.3 [with object] Leave (a player) out of a team temporarily: both men were rested for the cup final
More example sentences
  • And he was the first coach to make sure his best players were rested for the final minutes of a game.
  • Such a lopsided assertion that you shouldn't rest players can be contradicted by considering any of the many times United rested players and still won.
  • I understand the temptation to protect players but, given that we can play a maximum of only six games during the tournament, do we really need to worry about resting players?
1.4(Of a problem or subject) be left without further investigation or discussion: the council has urged the planning committee not to allow the matter to rest
More example sentences
  • I think that the matter might have rested there if it were not for the fact that many schools, and their teachers and students, felt cheated.
  • After all, surely this organisation could put the matter to rest once and for all.
  • So far as the Newsletter is concerned, I think it is probably best to let the matter rest for the time being.
1.5 [with object] Allow (land) to lie fallow: the field should be grazed or rested
More example sentences
  • There were three solutions to this problem: fertilizing, rotating crops, and resting the land.
  • The land was rested, abundant, and fertile; occupied by a people of calm dignity.
  • In the Jubilee Year, too, the land was rested and no work done on it.
2 [no object, with adverbial of place] Be placed or supported so as to stay in a specified position: her elbow was resting on the arm of the sofa
More example sentences
  • For all other rifle events in the standing position, the rifle rests against the shoulder and the left arm can be supported on the chest or hip.
  • He didn't rise when Hunter entered; he stayed in the cross legged position, his hands resting comfortably on his knees.
  • Start from an almost flat position with hands resting behind head and elbows out to the sides.
Synonyms
lie, be laid, recline, repose, be, be placed, be positioned; be supported by, be propped up by
2.1(Of a body) lie buried: the king’s body rested in his tomb
More example sentences
  • His body rests in the King George VI Memorial Chapel, a small chantry chapel adjoining the north choir aisle and only completed in 1969.
  • The body rests among greenery, a symbol of life and rejuvenation.
  • Isis looked long at the sarcophagus, if the legends were true the body of Osiris rested in the stone structure in front of her.
2.2 [with object and adverbial of place] Place (something) so that it is supported in a specified position: he rested a hand on her shoulder
More example sentences
  • He adjusted his position to rest his arm against the chair beside him and motioned toward her.
  • I then lay my arms out on the table, next to her elbows and rested my cheek against hers.
  • He turned slightly to face her, resting his arm and elbow upon the back of the bench.
Synonyms
support, prop (up), steady, balance, lean, lay, set, sit, stand, position, place, put
2.3 (rest on/upon) (Of a look) alight or be steadily directed on: his eyes rested briefly on the boy
More example sentences
  • Emmanuel looked around the room and caught sight of the pistols; his eyes rested on the weapons, and he pointed to them.
  • Luke said with a frown, his blue eyes finally resting on the table in front of him.
  • He scanned the bushes and his eyes rested upon a wisp of red at the base of a bush.
3 (rest on/upon) Be based on; depend on: the country’s security rested on its alliances
More example sentences
  • The revenue base for this system rests upon a simple proposition - that consumers have no close substitute for the use of the land - based, wireline, circuit - switched, telephone system.
  • Thus the moral/legal element in scripture (the halacha) rests upon a narrative base (the agada).
  • Our current knowledge base rests on small studies and special surveillance systems, with a few examples of survey data.
Synonyms
be based on, be grounded in, be founded on, depend on, be dependent on, rely on, hinge on, turn on, hang on, pivot on, be contingent on, revolve around, centre on
3.1 [with object] (rest something in/on) Place hope, trust, or confidence on or in: she rested her hopes in her attorney
More example sentences
  • Consider this pragmatically, too - if you were in a relationship with somebody of dubious fidelity would you want to rest things on the hope that other women would turn him down when he wanted them?
  • ‘He appears to rest his confidence in a few people whose judgment corresponds to his gut instincts’ he said.
  • However, the company rests this view on the fact that so many more people get their news from the local newspaper, the local news show, and, to a lesser extent, other outlets.
3.2Be the responsibility of or belong to a specified person: the final say rests with the regional assemblies
More example sentences
  • The ultimate responsibility rests with those who refuse to change racist structures and policies.
  • Ultimate responsibility rests with the board, which was doubled from six members to 12.
  • The ultimate responsibility for screening newborns rests with the attending physician.
4 Law, North American Conclude presentation of either party’s case in a suit or prosecution: the prosecution rests See also rest one's case below.
More example sentences
  • Prosecution rested, you rested and the jury went out and came back.
  • The District Attorney said last week that the prosecution would rest today.
  • Both the defence and prosecution rested in the fifth day of the trial after Jones testified against him for a second time.

noun

Back to top  
1An instance or period of resting: you look as though you need a rest [mass noun]: a couple of days of complete rest
More example sentences
  • We cannot afford the luxury of cooling off periods, rests or breaks.
  • Power was exhaustible and requires to be replenished by periods of rests.
  • By the end of last year, he had nothing left in the tank, and he was planning a complete rest until he felt the urge to pick up a racquet.
Synonyms
repose, relaxation, leisure, ease, inactivity, respite, time off, time out, breathing space; sleep; period of relaxation, period of repose, nap, doze, siesta
British informal kip
literary slumber
holiday, recess; break, breathing space, pause, interval, interlude, intermission; time off, time out; North Americanvacation
informal breather
North American informal vacay
1.1 [mass noun] A motionless state: the car accelerates rapidly from rest
More example sentences
  • Each atom has an unchanging shape and size and a changeable degree of motion or rest.
  • In the beginning in his omnipotence he created matter, along with its motion and rest.
  • The three other rooms in the exhibition are devoted to food and drink, sleep and wakefulness, and motion and rest.
2 Music An interval of silence of a specified duration.
More example sentences
  • The rests, fermatas and sudden dynamic changes help to provide an element of surprise.
  • I need to practice listening to the rests - not only in my music - but also in my conversations.
  • It is in a comfortable key with limited chromaticism, employs only basic syncopation and has frequent rests.
2.1The sign denoting a musical rest.
More example sentences
  • The clefs, rests, and expression marks such as slurs and phrasing, even the thickness of the staves, make up a complex pictorial and typographical unity.
  • As he progresses, he will also learn to distinguish various musical expressions such as time signature, rests, and tempo.
  • Long drawn lines interspersed amid the text act as scripted silences, musical rests.
2.2A pause in speech or verse.
More example sentences
  • The second striking point was the way the rests and pauses were manipulated and utilised to characterise the entire performance.
  • The measure of five syllables is almost always inconvenient in utterance and should be broken up, by a rest, into two portions.
  • The verse is clearly to be read aloud as three beats followed by a rest, followed by three more beats, followed by a rest — and therefore as two tetrameters in a row, each of which has its fourth beat silent.
3 [in combination] An object that is used to support something: a shoulder rest
Synonyms
stand, base, holder, support, stay, prop, brace, rack, hook, frame, shelf, bracket, trestle, tripod, plinth, pedestal, foundation, bed, foot, substructure
3.1A support or hook for a telephone receiver when not in use: carefully the receiver was replaced on the rest
More example sentences
  • This is a stylish and very practical telephone rest, which comes with a handy desk pen.
  • There is a small hanging device in the receiver rest to prevent the receiver from falling when it is placed on the rest with the telephone mounted on the wall.
3.2A support for a cue in billiards or snooker.
More example sentences
  • Traditionally when a player uses the rest, the player's hands are quite close together.
  • I was busy laughing at him as he was having to use all the furniture (extended cue, extended rest etc).
  • Protect your furniture and your cues with this beautiful Luxury Leather Cue Rest with moveable arms and protective feet.

Origin

Old English ræst, rest (noun), ræstan, restan (verb), of Germanic origin, from a root meaning 'league' or 'mile' (referring to a distance after which one rests).

Phrases

at rest

Not moving or exerting oneself: uncurl so your arms and legs are at rest
More example sentences
  • The definition later attracted criticism from Newton on the ground that it implied, incorrectly, that particles inside a moving body were at rest while those on the surface were not.
  • ‘Restless legs’ are an unpleasant creeping sensation deep in the legs when they are at rest, especially in the evening and during the night.
  • A pure arterial ulcer often has no edema, unless the patient with pain at rest keeps the leg dependent throughout the night for comfort.
Not agitated or troubled: if you think something’s wrong, consult the doctor to set your mind at rest
More example sentences
  • Fortunately for Laurie, I'm here to set his mind at rest, for I happen to know that his projections are fundamentally flawed.
  • If you had doubts about how riveting Manet's subject was to audiences of the time, the documentary section of the show set your mind at rest.
  • The whole atmosphere was relaxed, which did a lot to set my mind at rest.
Dead and buried: she lies at rest in the churchyard
More example sentences
  • But you also come across real mausoleums, like the cemetery, where on artificially formed hillside terraces over a thousand soldiers lie at rest.
  • Her funeral mass was celebrated in the Church and she now lies at rest in Court Abbey cemetery within sight of her home.
  • A large Celtic Cross stands in the middle of the plot and there too many of the Jones Family lay at rest underneath.

come to rest

Stop moving; settle: the lift came to rest at the first floor
More example sentences
  • The golden coach bearing the Queen and her family came to rest close behind.
  • The airplane came to rest, upright and on fire, on grass-covered soil, about 290 feet to the left of the departure end of runway 13R.
  • It got nearer and nearer until it eventually came to rest in the centre of the park.

give it a rest

British informal Used to ask someone to stop talking about something that the speaker finds irritating: give it a rest, lads—agree to differ
More example sentences
  • But now can you please, please just give it a rest.
  • I mean really, for goodness' sakes, give it a rest.
  • You'd think they'd give it a rest at the weekend.

no rest for the wicked

see wicked.

rest one's case

Conclude one’s presentation of evidence and arguments in a lawsuit: the prosecution rested its case
More example sentences
  • He called no further evidence and rested his case.
  • Lawyers argued over procedural matters about admitting evidence and then prosecutors rested their case.
  • I don't think they'll make that decision until the prosecution has rested their case.
humorous Said to show that one believes one has presented sufficient evidence for one’s views.
More example sentences
  • And they cannot fail to call into question the motives on which the opponents of hunting claim to rest their case.
  • The only other thing I can add… this is wonderful timeless music that really needs no introduction, its Ray Charles, and I rest my case.
  • I will stick my thumbs in my waistcoat and quote the well-known phrase: ‘I rest my case, m'lud John!’

rest on one's laurels

see laurel.

rest (or God rest) his (or her) soul

Used to express a wish that God should grant someone’s soul peace.
More example sentences
  • MY dear old mum, rest her soul, was not a judgmental sort of lady.
  • My father - God rest his soul - knew it would happen.
  • To this day, the smell of stale ash reminds me of him, God rest his soul.

Definition of rest in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day brannigan
Pronunciation: ˈbranɪg(ə)n
noun
a brawl or violent argument

There are 2 definitions of rest in English:

rest2

Line breaks: rest
Pronunciation: /rɛst
 
/

noun

1 [in singular] The remaining part of something: what do you want to do for the rest of your life? I’ll tell you the rest tomorrow night
More example sentences
  • What this means in terms of trade relations with the rest of the world remains to be seen.
  • She stormed off somewhere and I didn't see her the rest of the night.
  • We lost sight of them a short time later, and didn't run into them the rest of the night.
1.1 [treated as plural] The remaining people or things; the others: the rest of us were experienced skiers
More example sentences
  • The programmer bowed his head along with the rest of them but remained unmoved.
  • The rest of the rules remain the same so any posts you find must be recent etc.
  • The rest of us remained silent, watching Devin and Jonas and waiting for their cues.
Synonyms
remainder, residue, balance, remaining part/number/quantity, part/number/quantity (that is) left over, others, those left, remains, remnant, remnants, rump, surplus, difference, extra, excess, superfluity, overflow, overspill, additional people/material/things, extra people/material/things
technical residuum
2 Anatomy A small, detached portion of an organ or tissue.
More example sentences
  • These findings strongly support the origin of the tumor from heterotopic retroperitoneal rests of the adrenal gland.
  • In other sites, liposarcoma is thought to be derived from residual rests of primitive mesenchymal tissue.
  • Other authors have proposed that such teratomas may originate from totipotential embryonic rests in the left genital ridge.
3A rally in real tennis.

verb

[no object, with complement] Back to top  
Remain or be left in a specified condition: you can rest assured she will do everything she can
More example sentences
  • Whatever the case, you may rest assured that his tone remains hauntingly elegiac at all times.
  • So, when its time for bed, you can rest assured that you're in good company.
  • He said their families can rest assured that their sons and daughters died for a noble cause.
Synonyms
remain, continue to be, stay, keep, persist in being, carry on being, go on being

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French reste (noun), rester (verb), from Latin restare 'remain', from re- 'back' + stare 'to stand'.

Phrases

and the rest

informal Used to assert that something is an understatement: ‘You mean it took three hours?’ ‘And the rest.’

and (all) the rest (of it)

And everything else of a similar type that might be mentioned: it’s all very well to talk about natural affection and love and the rest of it
More example sentences
  • I love crosswords - I love the cryptic clues and the obscure quotes from Shakespeare and all the rest.
  • I bought her book, stocked up on butter beans, fennel and the rest of it, and fell at the first hurdle - when I discovered that her sweet-potato wedges were even more delicious with big dollops of full-fat mayonnaise.
  • If this makes it worse what is going to happen in terms of our house insurance and the rest of it?

for the rest

British As far as other matters are concerned.
More example sentences
  • For the rest, the theology is rationalistic, individualistic, and politically somewhere between extreme libertarian and nonviolent anarchist.
  • For the rest I think I may be excused here from a detailed refutation of all these doctrines.

the rest is history

Definition of rest in: