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retroelement

Line breaks: retro|ele¦ment

Definition of retroelement in English:

noun

Biochemistry
A sequence of DNA in a chromosome that arose by the copying of an RNA virus into DNA by reverse transcriptase and integration of the DNA copy into the chromosome.
Example sentences
  • In tomato and other plant species, greatly reduced rates of recombination are observed near and on centromeric regions and in retroelements, transposons, and other highly repetitive regions.
  • The molecular organization of both tandem repeats and retroelements into specific chromosomal regions, as revealed by sequencing and FISH analysis, allows cursory insight into the organization of the soybean genome.
  • Recent genome sequence analyses have shown the quantitative importance of retroelements.

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