Definition of retroelement in English:
A sequence of DNA in a chromosome that arose by the copying of an RNA virus into DNA by reverse transcriptase and integration of the DNA copy into the chromosome.
- In tomato and other plant species, greatly reduced rates of recombination are observed near and on centromeric regions and in retroelements, transposons, and other highly repetitive regions.
- The molecular organization of both tandem repeats and retroelements into specific chromosomal regions, as revealed by sequencing and FISH analysis, allows cursory insight into the organization of the soybean genome.
- Recent genome sequence analyses have shown the quantitative importance of retroelements.