Definition of rifampicin in English:

rifampicin

Line breaks: ri|fam|pi¦cin
Pronunciation: /rɪˈfampɪsɪn
 
/
(also rifampin)

noun

[mass noun] Medicine
  • A reddish-brown antibiotic used chiefly to treat tuberculosis and leprosy.
    • The antibiotic is obtained from the bacterium Nocardia mediterranei
    More example sentences
    • For the more commonly encountered methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci, a combination of vancomycin, rifampin and gentamicin is indicated.
    • The sift did not reveal any deletions that make cells susceptible to amoxicillin, penicillin, rifampin or vancomycin, which are used to treat bacterial infections of the airways, stomach and skin.
    • The organisms are treatable with tetracycline, erythromycin, rifampin, and by the sulfonamides.

Origin

1960s: from rifamycin (an antibiotic first isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces mediterranei) + the insertion of pi- from piperazine.

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