Definition of sabbath in English:


Line breaks: sab|bath
Pronunciation: /ˈsabəθ


1 (often the Sabbath) A day of religious observance and abstinence from work, kept by Jews from Friday evening to Saturday evening, and by most Christians on Sunday: [as modifier]: sabbath candles sabbath law
More example sentences
  • So far, most of the discussion of Lieberman's Jewishness has focused on a particular religious practice: sabbath observance.
  • The command to keep the Jewish Sabbath could then be taken metaphorically to refer to any day of rest, and because of the history and customs of this country, that day is Sunday, the Christian sabbath.
  • Nor are the sabbath candles in a Jewish household lit by a rabbi - unless she happens to be the leader of a synagogue that ordains women.
2 (also witches' sabbath) A supposed midnight meeting held by witches.
More example sentences
  • It shows a young musician who, in a series of opium-induced dreams, pursues his unattainable Beloved or idée fixe through a ballroom, an idyllic landscape, a prison, and a witches' sabbath where she appears hideously transformed.
  • He produced some altarpieces, but his main speciality was in small cabinet pictures with historical, mythological, or allegorical themes as well as genre and fantastical scenes, such as the witches' sabbath.
  • Medieval witchcraft was not a rebellion against orthodoxy so much as a continuation of heathen impulses (the witches' sabbath resembled Dionysian revels).


Old English, from Latin sabbatum, via Greek from Hebrew šabbāṯ, from šāḇaṯ 'to rest'.

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Pronunciation: ˈrɛtrə(ʊ)flɛks
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