Definition of saffron in English:

saffron

Line breaks: saf|fron
Pronunciation: /ˈsafr(ə)n
 
/

noun

  • 1 [mass noun] An orange-yellow flavouring, food colouring, and dye made from the dried stigmas of a crocus.
    More example sentences
    • To make the dressing, whisk the olive oil, vinegar, mustard, saffron, raisins and their water with sea salt and pepper in a large bowl.
    • In a medium saucepan over medium heat, bring the chicken, onions, cilantro, saffron, cinnamon, butter, oil, gum arabic, and water to a boil.
    • It is not normally found in food but - when illegally added - can increase weight and colour of spices such as chilli peppers, saffron, curry powder and paprika.
  • 1.1The orange-yellow colour of saffron: [as modifier]: the saffron robe of a Buddhist monk
    More example sentences
    • It has the familiar, but always appealing, indigo and saffron colour scheme and wooden floor of many modern restaurants.
    • She, with her saffron robes and shaven head, embodies and personifies hard-core Hindutva without, at this late stage of her public career, having to make vitriolic speeches.
    • A vest that can be worn underneath a monk's saffron robes and tested to withstand a round from a powerful handgun retails for abound 200 U.S. dollars.
  • 2 (also saffron crocus) An autumn-flowering crocus with reddish-purple flowers, native to warmer regions of Eurasia. Enormous numbers of flowers are required to produce a small quantity of the large red stigmas used for the spice.
    • Crocus sativus, family Iridaceae.
    More example sentences
    • One of the most special of the autumn flowering crocus is Crocus sativus, the saffron crocus.
    • But you can actually buy and grow your saffron crocus, Crocus sativus.
    • For example, we learn how the autumn-flowering saffron crocus, which produces the most expensive spice in the world, used to earn its British growers huge fortunes in the 16th century.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French safran, based on Arabic za‘farān.

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