Definition of sanidine in English:


Line breaks: sani|dine
Pronunciation: /ˈsanɪdiːn


[mass noun]
  • A glassy mineral of the alkali feldspar group, typically occurring as tabular crystals.
    More example sentences
    • At temperatures above about 660°C complete solid solution occurs between the two alkali feldspar end-members sanidine and high albite, but below this there is a break and two feldspars of different composition occur together.
    • The majority of the rhyolites are porphyritic and contain phenocrysts of one or more of the following: plagioclase, clinopyroxene, magnetite, quartz and sanidine, plus accessory apatite and zircon.
    • Closer to the contact microcline is replaced by sanidine, and perthitic exsolution in detrital alkali feldspar begins to disappear.


early 19th century: from Greek sanis, sanid- 'board' + -ine4.

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