Definition of saprotroph in English:

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saprotroph

Pronunciation: /ˈsaprə(ʊ)trəʊf/
/saprə(ʊ)ˈtrɒf/

noun

Biology
An organism that feeds on or derives nourishment from decaying organic matter.
Example sentences
  • In contrast to ciliates, Opalina combined large cell size and the need for fast growth by evolving numerous genetically equivalent nuclei per cell (like siphoneous algae and many hyphal saprotrophs - fungi and pseudofungi).
  • Fungal endophytes and saprotrophs generally play an important ecological role within plant tissues and dead plant material.

Derivatives

saprotrophic

adjective
Example sentences
  • Although fungi are thought of as saprotrophic or parasitic, more than one third of the known fungi are involved in mutualistic symbioses.
  • Those illustrated in Fig.4 resemble simple cord-forming, saprotrophic basidomycetes, which are involved in lignin decomposition (L. Boddy, pers. comm. 2001; work in progress).
  • However, if no suitable photobiont is available, the mycobiont can survive in a loose association with other algae or behave as a saprotrophic fungus.

Origin

Back-formation from saprotrophic.

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