Definition of senate in English:

senate

Line breaks: sen¦ate
Pronunciation: /ˈsɛnɪt
 
/

noun

1The smaller upper assembly in the US, US states, France, and other countries: the senate must ratify any treaty with a two-thirds majority
More example sentences
  • The bicameral parliament is comprised of a senate and national assembly.
  • We also have a new parliament, a national assembly and a senate appointed by the different factions.
  • Governors, often elected by the legislatures for one-year terms, were denied the veto, and senates (the new upper houses) were not allowed to amend money bills.
1.1The governing body of a university or college.
More example sentences
  • The faculty senate at Virginia State University was abolished in 2001.
  • Six days after his arrest, and following consultation with members of his department and of the faculty senate, the university president acted to dismiss him.
  • Resolutions from the university senate and several protests, including a hunger strike by seventeen students, have sought to focus public attention on the disparity in benefits.
2The state council of the ancient Roman republic and empire, which shared legislative power with the popular assemblies, administration with the magistrates, and judicial power with the knights.
More example sentences
  • The senate, led by Cicero, supported Octavian, who defeated Antony in 43 and took the consulship by force.
  • On the Ides of March, two days before he was due to leave Rome on his great eastern expedition, he was stabbed to death at a meeting of the senate in Pompey's new theater.
  • However, the Roman senate did not share their emperor's enthusiasm for the new faith.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French senat, from Latin senatus, from senex 'old man'.

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