A Japanese alloy of copper and gold, typically having a blue patina.
- The dark-painted rim and foot imitate Japanese cloisonne enamel vases, which often feature dark rims and bases of shakudo, an alloy of antimony, copper, and gold.
- Many modern owners see the coloration as tarnish and clean the surface, but it was probably intended to imitate the Japanese dark-colored alloys shibuichi and shakudo.
- As a rule, the finest kozuka were of high-grade shakudo or shibuichi with gold overlay and inlay.
Mid 19th century: Japanese, from shaku 'red' + dō 'copper'.
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