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shigella Line breaks: shi|gella
Pronunciation: /ʃɪˈɡɛlə/

Definition of shigella in English:

noun (plural same or shigellae)

A bacterium that is an intestinal pathogen of humans and other primates, some kinds of which cause dysentery.
Example sentences
  • There are no pus cells in the stool, thereby ruling out a bacterial diarrhea like shigella dysentery.
  • The researchers found that shigella, the bacteria causing dysentery uses a Type III secretion system to inject proteins into human cells.
  • One reason is that some microbes - in particular, a bacterium called shigella - appear to form a sticky ‘biofilm,’ like dental plaque, that is difficult to remove.


Modern Latin, from the name of Kiyoshi Shiga (1870–1957), Japanese bacteriologist, + the diminutive suffix -ella.

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