The chemical element of atomic number 14, a non-metal with semiconducting properties, used in making electronic circuits. Pure silicon exists in a shiny dark grey crystalline form and as an amorphous powder. (Symbol: Si)
- As silicon doesn't conduct electricity, impurities are added so it becomes a conductor.
- Silicosis is caused when silicon, fine particles of rock, enters the lungs and cuts lung tissue.
- The most common technology for harvesting energy from sunlight is the photovoltaic cell based on silicon.
Early 19th century: alteration of earlier silicium, from Latin silex, silic- 'flint', on the pattern of carbon and boron.
Words that rhyme with siliconbasilican, Millikan
For editors and proofreaders
Line breaks: sili|con
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