Definition of solanine in English:

Share this entry

solanine

Pronunciation: /ˈsɒləniːn/

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A poisonous compound which is present in green potatoes and in related plants. It is a steroid glycoside of the saponin group.
Example sentences
  • For example, potatoes contain solanine, mushrooms have strychnine, apples and apricots have cyanide.
  • The fat-soluble neurotoxins solanine and chaconine are present in potatoes and can be detected in the bloodstream of all potato eaters.
  • The ripe potato contains traces of solanine but its flowers, green leaves and sprouts contain higher levels of this toxin and are very poisonous.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from French, from the genus name Solanum + -ine4.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: sola|nine

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.