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solvate

Line breaks: solv|ate
Chemistry

Definition of solvate in English:

verb

Pronunciation: /sɒlˈveɪt
 
/
[with object]
(Of a solvent) enter into reversible chemical combination with (a dissolved molecule, ion, etc.): water can solvate both cations and anions (as adjective solvated) the ions become solvated in the water, that is, they become hydrated
More example sentences
  • Solute molecules were solvated using a box of TIP3P water molecules with periodic boundary conditions.
  • In the first system, the phospholipid molecules were solvated by 6560 SPC water molecules.
  • At this distance the ion is completely solvated by reservoir water and interaction with the channel is very weak.

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈsɒlveɪt
 
/
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A more or less loosely bonded complex formed between a solvent and a dissolved species.
Example sentences
  • It has also been discovered that paroxetine hydrochloride can form crystalline solvates with certain solvents such as certain lower alcohols and acetone, in particular isopropyl alcohol.
  • If you avoid it completely, and you get the solvate, then is it not reasonable to go back to example 1 where it tells you that if you washed it in water, you got the anhydrate?
  • A solvate is a single crystalline phase of a given compound of specific chemical structure in which a solvent molecule or molecules have been incorporated into the crystal lattice.

Origin

early 20th century: formed irregularly from solve + -ate1.

Derivatives

solvation

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈveɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
Example sentences
  • On the other hand, differences of up to 10% have been found in the free energies of solvation of both individual ions and whole salts.
  • Therefore, it is not possible to provide any quantitative measure of the energy of solvation due to dipolar solvation and hydrogen bonding interaction.
  • Two different continuum electrostatic models are formulated to describe the ion solvation inside the nanotube.

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