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somatotype Line breaks: som¦ato|type
Pronunciation: /ˈsəʊmətə(ʊ)tʌɪp/

Definition of somatotype in English:


A category to which people are assigned according to the extent to which their bodily physique conforms to a basic type (usually endomorphic, mesomorphic, or ectomorphic): somatotypes refer to the underlying physique and are not changed by overeating or training [mass noun]: the influence of age and somatotype
More example sentences
  • There are three widely accepted physique categories called somatotypes: endomorph, ectomorph and mesomorph.
  • Likewise, knowing your somatotype won't carry you much further than ‘I struggle to gain weight,’ ‘I get fat easily,’ or ‘I can't complain.’
  • Boys were matched to another of similar age, social background, temperament, and biological somatotype, then randomly assigned either to the program or to the control group.


Example sentences
  • In other somatotyping literature we find a wide variety of use being made of Sheldon's formulations.
  • Rather, he called his system body-typing, not somatotyping, and he did not use Sheldon's terms.
  • He unleashed a science referred to as somatotyping which attempts to categorize people by their genetic body types.


1940s: coined by W. H. Sheldon in Varieties of Human Physique.

Definition of somatotype in:
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