noun (plural same or Soninkes)
1A member of a West African people living in Mali and Senegal.
- Religious wars raged between militant Muslims known as the Marabouts and nonbelievers (known in The Gambia as Soninkes).
- Some slaves were light-skinned, and Mauritania's black ethnic groups such as the Soninkes or Hal-Pulaars also kept slaves.
- From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke.
2 [mass noun] The language of the Soninke, which belongs to the Mande group and has about 1 million speakers.
- Black Africans' determination to resist Arabization resulted in the official recognition of Fulani, Soninke, and Wolof as national languages in 1980.
- Mali has fifteen national languages: Bamana, Bobo, Bozo, Dogon, Juula, Fulfulde, Khassonke, Malinke, Maure, Minianka, Senufo, Soninke, Songhai, Tuareg, and Tukulor.
Relating to the Soninke or their language.
- Embodying the ‘Islamic way of life’, boubous are worn by Hausa, Fulani, and Soninke merchants.
- The Ghana Empire, dominated by the Soninke or Saracolé people and centered in the area along the Malian-Mauritanian frontier, was a powerful trading state from about A.D. 700 to 1075.
The name in Soninke.
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