Definition of soup in English:

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Pronunciation: /suːp/


[mass noun]
1A liquid dish, typically savoury and made by boiling meat, fish, or vegetables etc. in stock or water: a bowl of tomato soup
More example sentences
  • Meat and fish stock soups, grilled jumbo prawns, barbecued chicken, lamb drumsticks and pork spare-ribs are winter specials served on rooftops.
  • The use of fish sauce produces a lighter accent in simmered dishes and soups than the soy sauce of China.
  • It will add a brilliant colour, flavour and aroma to salads, soups, vegetables, grilled fish, roast chicken and, in particular, this dish of roasted double lamb chops with white bean purée.
2A substance or mixture regarded as resembling soup in appearance or consistency: the waves and the water beyond have become a thick brown soup
More example sentences
  • But more folks than you'd think toss hooks in that brown soup because there are some lunkers in the murky depths.
  • This soup consists of quark building blocks and gluons, the ‘force carriers.’
  • As she hit the water, she pumped her arms to keep herself submerged, but Marcy was no swimmer, especially in this thick soup.
2.1 informal The chemicals in which film is developed.
3US informal Nitroglycerine or gelignite, especially as used for safe-breaking.


[with object] (soup something up, often as adjective souped-up) informal
1Increase the power and efficiency of an engine or other machine: a souped-up Ford with big rear wheels
1930s, perhaps influenced by super-
More example sentences
  • One owner claims to have souped his machine up to 1.067GHz with a simple flip of a few resistors on the new machine's motherboard.
  • Remember that the machine you've just souped up so dramatically is going to need a little more fuel moving forward.
  • The buggies are souped up and the roar of engines, part of the glamour of the sport, is certain to be heard in Easkey, Ballina, Enniscrone, and even 18 miles away in Foxford if the wind is blowing in that direction, not to mention the sand.
1.1Make something more elaborate or impressive: we had to soup up the show for the new venue
More example sentences
  • To that end, the entire defense has been souped up, as position changes were instituted in the spring to get more speed on the field.
  • The Internet Explorer browser has also been souped up.
  • In fact, the movie's low-rent (by today's standards) technical effects have more soul and charm than the additional footage, which has been souped up with plenty of CGI.



from soup to nuts

North American informal From beginning to end; completely: I know all about that game from soup to nuts
More example sentences
  • It may be time for another ‘bottom up review’ - another holistic review of defense policy from soup to nuts - that assesses the threat and what it will take to fight it.
  • Yesterday, you got to hear discussions of everything from soup to nuts.
  • And what that means is that that organization has an ability from soup to nuts, top to bottom, to conduct independent operations.

in the soup

informal In trouble: I’ve lost the money—I’m in the soup
More example sentences
  • On the pitch, the team may seem to be in the soup, with several bad results in the wake of their record-breaking unbeaten run coming to an end.
  • The local DJ landed himself in the soup with a few of his listeners over the weekend when he ran an item on ‘Irishisms’.
  • It has now turned into a boomerang which has left the policy makers in the soup with the councillors displaying a deep-seated opposition to the plan for an incinerator.


Middle English: from Old French soupe 'sop, broth (poured on slices of bread)', from late Latin suppa, of Germanic origin.

  • sop from Old English:

    The Old English word sop first meant ‘to dip bread in liquid’—Chaucer says of his Franklin ‘Wel loved he in the morn a sop in wyn’—but nowadays a sop is something you do or offer as a concession to appease someone. This was originally used in the phrase a sop to Cerberus, referring to the monstrous three-headed watchdog which, in Greek mythology, guarded the entrance of Hades. In the Aeneid Virgil describes how the witch guiding Aeneas to the underworld threw a drugged cake to Cerberus, which allowed the hero to pass the monster in safety. When soppy, which comes from sop, first appeared in English in the early 19th century it meant ‘soaked with water’, not tears, as you might expect today from a feeble, sentimental soppy person. The writer H. G. Wells was one of the first to use the word in this sense. Soup (Middle English) comes from the French form of the same word. The American from soup to nuts for ‘from beginning to end’ dates from the early 20th century, while in the soup, also originally American and a variant of being in hot water is slightly earlier. Sip (Old English), sup (Old English), and supper (Middle English) go back to the same root.

Words that rhyme with soup

bloop, cock-a-hoop, coop, croup, droop, drupe, dupe, goop, group, Guadeloupe, hoop, loop, poop, recoup, roup, scoop, sloop, snoop, stoep, stoop, stoup, stupe, swoop, troop, troupe, whoop

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: soup

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