A protein capsule containing a mass of spermatozoa, transferred during mating in various insects, arthropods, cephalopod molluscs, etc.
- A male produces spermatophores that it transfers to the female's genital pore by means of a specialized arm or tentacle.
- Shortly after she stops feeding on the gland, the female reaches back, removes the spermatophore, and eats it, thus preventing the transfer of any remaining sperm.
- However, collaborative females had difficulties mounting males, taking spermatophores and/or ovipositing.
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