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spina bifida Line breaks: spina bif¦ida
Pronunciation: /ˌspʌɪnə ˈbɪfɪdə/

Definition of spina bifida in English:


[mass noun]
A congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone. It often causes paralysis of the lower limbs, and sometimes learning difficulties.
Example sentences
  • This is a very important charity which treats children with serious illnesses such as cancer, leukaemia, spina bifida and cystic fibrosis.
  • Ultrasound can be used to diagnose certain congenital defects such as spina bifida.
  • Often called open spine, spina bifida affects the backbone and, sometimes, the spinal cord.


Early 18th century: modern Latin (see spine, bifid).

Definition of spina bifida in:
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