There are 3 definitions of spruce in English:

spruce1

Line breaks: spruce
Pronunciation: /spruːs
 
/

noun

  • A widespread coniferous tree which has a distinctive conical shape and hanging cones, widely grown for timber, pulp, and Christmas trees.
    • Genus Picea, family Pinaceae: many species
    More example sentences
    • The best trees to plant with wildlife in mind are cherry and mulberry for their fruits, pines and spruces for their seed-bearing cones and deciduous trees that vary in size and density.
    • This nest is usually in a spruce or other conifer and may be 4'40 feet up.
    • ‘I wanted my husband to plant a big spruce so that at Christmas I could decorate it with lights,’ she says.

Origin

late Middle English (denoting Prussia or something originating in Prussia): alteration of obsolete Pruce 'Prussia'. The application to the tree dates from the early 17th century.

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Word of the day coloratura
Pronunciation: ˌkɒlərəˈtjʊərə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody

There are 3 definitions of spruce in English:

spruce2

Line breaks: spruce
Pronunciation: /spruːs
 
/

adjective

verb

[with object] (spruce someone/thing up) Back to top  
  • Make someone or something smarter or tidier: the fund will be used to spruce up historic buildings
    More example sentences
    • The existing factory buildings have been spruced up to house exhibition, workshop and office spaces.
    • A further £200,000 will be spent sprucing up the city's war memorials and a plaque will be put up by the Cenotaph - listing, for the first time, soldiers killed on active duty since the Second World War.
    • The council has adopted a 12-month strategy aimed at sprucing up the city's streets.
    Synonyms
    smarten up, make smarter, tidy up, make tidy, make neater, neaten up, put in order, clean up
    informal do up
    British informal tart up, posh up
    North American informal gussy up
    groom oneself, tidy oneself, smarten oneself up, freshen oneself up, preen oneself, primp oneself, prink oneself, pretty oneself, beautify oneself; British have a wash and brush-up
    informal titivate oneself, doll oneself up
    British informal tart oneself up
    archaic plume oneself, trig oneself

Derivatives

sprucely

adverb
More example sentences
  • The boys were sprucely dressed in the customary costume of shirt, breeches, stockings and shiny black shoes.
  • He is dressed sprucely, except for his rubber overshoes, evidences of the chill, watery Parisian spring.
  • At a glance one would have described them as middle-class and lower middle-class men with their wives and children sprucely dressed in their Sunday best.

spruceness

noun
More example sentences
  • But then Adam is a theatrical impresario, and dresses with all the dapper spruceness of a, well, theatrical impresario.

Origin

late 16th century: perhaps from spruce1 in the obsolete sense 'Prussian', in the phrase spruce (leather) jerkin.

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There are 3 definitions of spruce in English:

spruce3

Line breaks: spruce
Pronunciation: /spruːs
 
/

verb

[no object] British informal , • dated
  • 1Engage in pretence or deception, especially by feigning illness: he’s no fool; he’d have known if she was sprucing
  • 1.1 [with object] Deceive: they spruced you proper

Derivatives

sprucer

noun

Origin

early 20th century: of unknown origin.

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