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starch

Line breaks: starch
Pronunciation: /stɑːtʃ
 
/

Definition of starch in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1An odourless, tasteless white substance occurring widely in plant tissue and obtained chiefly from cereals and potatoes. It is a polysaccharide which functions as a carbohydrate store and is an important constituent of the human diet.
Example sentences
  • The most important polysaccharides are starch, cellulose and glycogen.
  • Starchy materials which contain more complex carbohydrates, including starch and insulin, require several steps before fermentation.
  • The contents of protein, sugar, starch and lysine in maize plant are critical to maize quality.
1.1Food containing starch: they eat far too much starch
More example sentences
  • Vegetarians base their diet on four main food groups: starch, legumes, fruits and vegetables.
  • Insulin is a hormone needed to convert sugar, starch and other foods into energy needed for daily life.
  • If protein foods are eaten with starch, six or more hours are needed depending on the type of protein.
2Powder or spray made from starch and used before ironing to stiffen fabric or clothing: crisp linen, stiff with starch
More example sentences
  • A press cloth also prevents the build-up of fabric finishes and spray starch on the iron soleplate.
  • A good sewing tip from Sharon is to use spray starch on the fabric.
  • You'll need a good iron, a hard surface to iron on (preferably an ironing board), and some spray starch.
3Stiffness of manner or character: the starch in her voice
More example sentences
  • The British reviews were cold and formal... The great Romantic critics had not appeared, to take the starch out of their pompous manners.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Stiffen (fabric or clothing) with starch: (as adjective starched) his immaculately starched shirt
More example sentences
  • The waiters have new uniforms: pinstripe trousers, tail coats, starched shirts with black ties.
  • The war days, the old meeting places and the hours spent starching shirts are all recalled in the special publication.
  • Surely Langlands & Bell could not survive this far from a place that starches shirts?
2North American informal (Of a boxer) defeat (an opponent) by a knockout: Ray Domenge starched Jeff Geddami in the first
More example sentences
  • Wlad Klitschko was a last minute replacement and Tye starched him in round 1.

Origin

Old English (recorded only in the past participle sterced 'stiffened'), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch sterken, German stärken 'strengthen', also to stark.

Phrases

take the starch out of

1
US Deflate or humiliate (someone): a blistering body attack took all the starch out of the boxer
More example sentences
  • If they can make the Bulls pay for crowding Wade and fronting Shaq, it will take the starch out of Chicago's defense and force it to back off.
  • It netted 22 yards and seemed to take the starch out of Tennessee's blitzing defense.
  • I didn't want him to go so fast as to take the starch out of him.

Derivatives

starcher

1
noun
Example sentences
  • The table starchers and the machine starchers held a meeting and discussed the situation.
  • Washers worked with boiling water, while starchers had to contend with caustic starches and potentially dangerous detergents, and ironers handled hot, heavy irons.
  • Laundry Machine Operators operate washers, starchers, extractors, tumblers, sterilizers and dryers in a campus laundry; and perform other related duties as required.

Definition of starch in:

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