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steroid

Line breaks: ster|oid
Pronunciation: /ˈstɪərɔɪd
 
, ˈstɛrɔɪd
 
/

Definition of steroid in English:

noun

Biochemistry
1Any of a large class of organic compounds with a characteristic molecular structure containing four rings of carbon atoms (three six-membered and one five). They include many hormones, alkaloids, and vitamins.
Example sentences
  • It is an important part of a healthy body, being a building block for steroids such as the sex hormones, and the hormones of the adrenal cortex.
  • Vitamin D is a steroid produced in the skin through a reaction between cholesterol and sunlight.
  • One of the steroids it produces is cortisol, which increases the supply of glucose in the blood.
1.1 short for anabolic steroid.
Example sentences
  • Well, this has a lot of eyes on Major League Baseball and its policy about drug testing and steroids.
  • If he has a poor spring, some will doubt he even belongs in the big leagues without steroids.
  • These doses were comparable with the doses that many athletes who use steroids take.

Origin

1930s: from sterol + -oid.

Derivatives

steroidal

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈrɔɪd(ə)l/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Although brain inflammation is evident in Alzheimer's disease, prospective trials of steroidal and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have failed to show benefit.
  • Conjugated estrogens, a subgroup of the broad group of steroidal estrogens, are already listed as ‘known’ and drug labeling or package inserts discuss the possible side-effects that occur in some people.
  • Unlike other aromatase inhibitors, exemestane is a steroidal aromatase inactivator, which means it selectively targets and irreversibly binds to the aromatase enzyme, which is required to produce estrogen.

Words that rhyme with steroid

androidthyroidhydroid

Definition of steroid in:

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