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strophanthin

Line breaks: stro¦phan|thin
Pronunciation: /strə(ʊ)ˈfanθɪn
 
/

Definition of strophanthin in English:

noun

[mass noun] Medicine
A poisonous substance of the glycoside class, obtained from certain African trees and used as a heart stimulant.
  • This substance is obtained from trees of the genera Strophanthus and Acokanthera (family Apocynaceae)
Example sentences
  • Strophanthus gratus contains the cardiac glycoside [gamma] strophanthin and the alkaloid inoeine.
  • It differs from strophanthin both chemically and physiologically, and is nearly twice as toxic.
  • In fact, the discovery of strophanthin in wet African forests propelled pharmacology to a new level of interest in using plant chemicals for human medicines.

Origin

late 19th century: from modern Latin strophanthus (from Greek strophos 'twisted cord' + anthos 'flower', referring to the long segments of the corolla) + -in1.

Definition of strophanthin in:

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