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Sukuma Line breaks: Su|kuma
Pronunciation: /sʊˈkuːmə/

Definition of Sukuma in English:

noun (plural same or Sukumas)

1A member of a people inhabiting west central Tanzania.
Example sentences
  • National politicians and administrators commonly comment on the marked cultural differences between the Sukuma in Rukwa and the northern regions, reflecting our own observations of persistent traditionalism in Rukwa.
  • Few rules exist in Pimbwe society to motivate cooperation beyond the scope of the family or clan; thus, the Pimbwe were unable to mobilize Sungusungu participation as effectively as the Sukuma.
  • Consequently, they have been less effective than the grass-roots Sungusungu operated by the Sukuma.
2 [mass noun] The Bantu language of the Sukuma, related to Nyamwezi and having around 4 million speakers.
Example sentences
  • offers professional language services in Sukuma and over 100 languages including enterprise scale translation and website globalization.
  • The majority of the residents of Kwimba are Wasukuma from the Sukuma tribe and speak Sukuma along with Swahili.
  • Gwe is a dialect of Sukuma (3200000 speakers) spoken in northwest Tanzania.


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Relating to the Sukuma or their language.
Example sentences
  • Many Nyamwezi also speak English and the languages of neighboring ethnic groups, such as Kisukuma, the language of the Sukuma people.
  • Goldschmidt also tells, however, of a similar cultural effect: the extinction of traditional Sukuma baskets.
  • Most frequently Sukuma figures are used to satirize character types (either in the opponent dance group or in the village), create narratives with invented characters, or simulate sexual relations.


A local name.

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