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surplus

Line breaks: sur|plus
Pronunciation: /ˈsəːpləs
 
/

Definition of surplus in English:

noun

1An amount of something left over when requirements have been met; an excess of production or supply: exports of food surpluses
More example sentences
  • In the West, a surplus of food supply has made obesity the main concern of adults, and slimness has been regarded as a symbol of health and beauty.
  • Hunter-gatherer societies don't produce enough food surpluses to support those extra people.
  • None of this would have been possible without the development of agriculture and the capacity to produce a surplus of food that could be supplied to a sector of the population that was no longer responsible for feeding itself.
Synonyms
1.1An excess of income or assets over expenditure or liabilities in a given period, typically a financial year: a trade surplus of $1,395 million
More example sentences
  • He further said the narrowing surplus in the current account resulted from a narrowing surplus in the investment income account.
  • The notion that equity pre-funding financed by on-budget surpluses can increase capital accumulation buys into the fallacies that have driven policies of fiscal austerity.
  • It has $125 million of surplus of assets over liabilities.
1.2The excess value of a company’s assets over the face value of its stock.
Example sentences
  • For companies who need to commit resources a long while in advance in order to meet consumers' needs, an accurate understanding of the market environment is crucial if stock surpluses and shortages are to be avoided.

adjective

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1More than what is needed or used; excess: make the most of your surplus cash the firm told 284 employees that they were surplus to requirements
More example sentences
  • The surplus cash remaining after the purchase of a more compact residence could be used for living expenses, or a once-in-a-lifetime holiday.
  • We are being just as bad as schools who have surplus cash if we're not going to use it.
  • Moreover, there is increased competition from other products that means that consumers now decide whether to spend their surplus cash on a CD or DVD, for instance.
Synonyms
excess, excessive, in excess, leftover, left, unused, remaining, extra, additional, reserve, spare;
superfluous, redundant, unwanted, unneeded, not required, uncalled for, dispensable, disposable, expendable, useless;
Frenchde trop
1.1Denoting a shop selling excess or outdated military equipment or clothing: she had picked up her boots in an army surplus store
More example sentences
  • Grenade pouches that are sold at military surplus stores work, too.
  • ‘That's not the sort of thing you pick up at a military surplus store,’ he added.
  • You can go to the military surplus store and get excellent dress black for a dollar or two.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French sourplus, from medieval Latin superplus, from super- 'in addition' + plus 'more'.

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