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taxis

Line breaks: taxis
Pronunciation: /ˈtaksɪs
 
/

Definition of taxis in English:

noun (plural taxes /ˈtaksiːz/)

1 [mass noun] Surgery The restoration of displaced bones or organs by manual pressure alone.
Example sentences
  • He sent for a surgeon, who attempted to reduce the hernia by the taxis.
2 Biology A motion or orientation of a cell, organism, or part in response to an external stimulus. Compare with kinesis.
Example sentences
  • A taxis is a behavioural reaction where an animal moves directly towards (positive taxis) or away (negative taxis) from the source of the stimulus.
3 [mass noun] Linguistics The systematic arrangement of linguistic units (phonemes, morphemes, words, phrases, or clauses) in linear sequence.
Example sentences
  • The only remaining factor to which the difference in meaning between (1) and (2) can be ascribed is the arrangement of the morphemes (the taxis).

Origin

mid 18th century (in sense 1): from Greek, literally 'arrangement', from tassein 'arrange'. sense 2 dates from the late 19th century.

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