Definition of teichoic acid in English:

teichoic acid

Line breaks: tei|cho¦ic acid
Pronunciation: /tʌɪˈkəʊɪk
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
  • A compound present in the walls of Gram-positive bacteria. It is a polymer of ribitol or glycerol phosphate.
    More example sentences
    • The ribitol teichoic acid is usually in the cell wall, and the glycerol teichoic acid is in the cell membrane, the periplasmic region, or in the cell.
    • Both the teichoic acid and the lipoteichoic acid contain phosphorylcholine; two choline residues may be covalently added to each carbohydrate repeat.
    • Ribitol teichoic acid is an important component of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall.

Origin

1950s: teichoic from Greek teikhos 'wall' + -ic.

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