Share this entry

Share this page

teichoic acid

Line breaks: tei|cho¦ic acid
Pronunciation: /tʌɪˈkəʊɪk
 
/

Definition of teichoic acid in English:

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
A compound present in the walls of Gram-positive bacteria. It is a polymer of ribitol or glycerol phosphate.
Example sentences
  • The ribitol teichoic acid is usually in the cell wall, and the glycerol teichoic acid is in the cell membrane, the periplasmic region, or in the cell.
  • Both the teichoic acid and the lipoteichoic acid contain phosphorylcholine; two choline residues may be covalently added to each carbohydrate repeat.
  • Ribitol teichoic acid is an important component of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall.

Origin

1950s: teichoic from Greek teikhos 'wall' + -ic.

Definition of teichoic acid in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Top searches

= trending
Word of the day verbose
Pronunciation: vəːˈbəʊs
adjective
using more words than are needed…