Definition of telomere in English:

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telomere

Pronunciation: /ˈtiːlə(ʊ)mɪə/
/ˈtɛlə(ʊ)mɪə/

noun

Genetics
A compound structure at the end of a chromosome.
Example sentences
  • Which chromosomes have the shortest telomeres depends only on telomere length in the original parent mice.
  • These two genes are tightly linked to the left telomere of the X chromosome.
  • In normal somatic cells, the telomeres shorten with replicative age, and telomerase is not detected.

Derivatives

telomeric

adjective
Example sentences
  • Based on these findings, it is reasonable to conclude that telomeric regions of mitotic chromosomes are not unusually susceptible to crossover.
  • This ancestral telomeric element has evolved to optimize telomere maintenance.
  • Such a widespread conservation of telomeric silencing among eukaryotes suggests that it is fundamental to telomere function.

Origin

1940s: from Greek telos 'end' + meros 'part'.

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