Share this entry

Share this page

thermophile

Line breaks: thermo|phile
Pronunciation: /ˈθəːmə(ʊ)fʌɪl
 
/

Definition of thermophile in English:

noun

Microbiology
A bacterium or other microorganism that grows best at higher than normal temperatures.
Example sentences
  • However, in that analysis, 10% of the bacteria but 78% of the archaea were thermophiles.
  • For example, thermophiles are organisms that live under conditions of extreme high temperature.
  • In particular, these findings are elucidative to understand mechanisms of thermal adaptation of thermophiles, and for developing thermostable enzymes for biotechnological applications.

Derivatives

thermophilic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈfɪlɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Meanwhile, Earth-dwelling extremophile microorganisms, both thermophilic (heat-loving) and psychrophilic (cold-loving), are variously adapted to temperatures that would fry us or freeze us.
  • Here, I compared sequences from the mesophilic bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans, whose genome has been completely sequenced, with Thermus thermophilus, a thermophilic bacterium that is related to Deinococcus.
  • Farmer's lung disease is a hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by the inhalation of thermophilic actinomycetes that grow in moldy hay or straw.

Definition of thermophile in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day sacerdotal
Pronunciation: ˌsasəˈdəʊt(ə)l
adjective
relating to priests or the priesthood; priestly