Surgical removal of a thrombus from a blood vessel.
- As a research fellow in the 1930s, John Gibbon witnessed the death of a young woman after an attempt at emergency surgical thrombectomy, and his development of the heart-lung bypass pump oxygenator was a response to that experience.
- Thrombolysis is often the best treatment as simple embolectomy or thrombectomy usually leads to early rethrombosis and surgical bypass is often precluded by obliteration of the distal run-off.
- Some centers have approached symptomatic pulmonary venous occlusion with emergent surgical thrombectomy, which is associated with a high perioperative mortality.
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